Cooljugator: The Smart Conjugator in Danish

This is a very simple Danish verb conjugator. Our goal is to make Danish conjugation easy, smart and straightforward.

You can input verbs into the Cooljugator bar above in any form, tense or mood in both Danish and English. The Danish Cooljugator can currently do around 962 verbs. We suggest you try it out.

You can also click here to browse the list of Danish verbs that we can conjugate.

Common Danish verbs

If you run out of ideas, some Danish verbs according to their frequency of use on Cooljugator are:

The Danish language

Danish is a North Germanic language primarily spoken in Denmark (including its territory Greenland), Norway, Germany. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and Swedish - in fact, so much so, that the three are often considered to be some of the best examples of the fuziness of the language/dialect spectrum. Danish in particular has been reported to be the most tricky for foreigners to learn, as it reportedly is the least phonetic of all three (meaning that its pronunciation cannot always be derived from the way it is written), it has a rich vowel system (with 27 vowel sounds), 'weakly' pronounced consonants, a very specific prosody (i.e. patterns of intonation), and Danish is allegedly also spoken at a faster rate than either Norwegian or Swedish, thus making it somewhat harder to understand (although this goes the other way too, thus Dane youths are said to be the worst in understanding the other Scandinavian languages, especially if they come from Copenhagen). As a result of this, multiple jokes are made among Scandinavians about the alleged unintelligibility of the Danish language. It is to be noted, however, that Danish still retains most of the grammatical features of the other Scandinavian languages, as well as many elements of Germanic languages, and thus it is still relatively easy for English speakers to learn.

Danish is said to derive from Old Norse. Old Norse was written in a runic alphabet, and it itself was called the 'Danish tongue'. Through invasions, this language (Old Norse) was once spoken in Northeastern England too (in particular, areas around Yorkshire, as the city of York itself was once settled by Vikings and called Jorvik), leaving its legacy in words, such as 'are' (from 'er'), 'knife' (from 'kniv'), 'husband' (from 'husbond'), 'egg' (from 'æg'). From around the fourteenth century, Danish became a language of administration, although it was not standardised and had a large dialectal continuum. It had its first written book in 1495, and underwent further development especially in relation to the Reformation and the language's newly adopted religious role. Following the translation of the Bible into Danish, more heavy standartisation went on in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Denmark itself underwent significant territorial and political changes, which had a linguistic impact too. In the eighteenth century, new grammars of Danish were written, and literature flourished in the language. A similar trend in literature and study of grammar, coupled with much more heavy organised standardisation, occured in the twentieth century, gradually leading into the variant of the Danish language we have today.

Danish uses the Latin alphabet (a change from the Runic one, which Old Norse originally used). It has, however, its own vowels, such as Æ, Ø or Å. Interestingly, the last of those letters did not exist until 1948, and a double 'a' (i.e. 'aa') was used instead. Some names, however, did not adopt this change (the town of Aalborg being perhaps the most prominent of them).

About Danish conjugation

The vast majority of Danish verbs are conjugated by these factors:

  • tense - Danish has three basic tenses: present, past, future, and a perfective version of each of these three
  • mood - it indicates the attitude of the speaker; in Danish, we have only two full moods: the indicative (e.g. 'jeg taler' - 'I speak') and imperative (used in commands, 'kom her' - 'come here!'); it has an option to create the conditional mood through use of the word 'ville' and the subjunctive mood by using indicative forms, in a strategy similar to English, e.g. 'Hvis jeg køber kage, laver du kaffe.' - 'If I buy cake, you make coffee'.
  • aspect (this feature connects the verb to the flow of time; Danish distinguishes the simple ('jeg accelererer' - 'I accelerate'), and perfect ('jeg har accelereret' - 'I have accellerated') aspects
  • voice - indicates the actor and can be active or passive, e.g. the distinction in English between 'I read' and 'I am (being) read'; in Danish, like in the other Scandinavian languages, there is a special inflection for the passive voice with the suffix -s, which is historically a reduced form of the reflexive pronoun sig ("himself, herself, itself, themselves"), e.g. 'han kalder sig' ('he calls himself') became 'han kaldes' ('he is called').

In the Danish Cooljugator, we try to provide you as many of these factors as possible.

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