CoolJugator: The Smart Conjugator in Estonian
This is a very simple Estonian verb conjugator. Our goal is to make Estonian conjugation easy, smart and straightforward.
You can input verbs into the CoolJugator bar above in any form, tense or mood in both Estonian and English. The Estonian CoolJugator can currently do around 7557 verbs. We suggest you try it out.
Common Estonian verbs
If you run out of ideas, some Estonian verbs according to their frequency of use on CoolJugator are:
The Estonian language
Estonian (eesti keel) is a Uralic language belonging to the Finnic branch of the family along with Finnish, with which it is not mutually intelligible (and a few others). Interestingly, Estonian has three degrees of phonemic length (short, long and overlong), which makes it popular among linguists.
Estonian is spoken by app. 1.1 million people, most of whom live in Estonia, where it is the official language. Due to emigration, significant expat communities of Estonian speakers exist in other countires, most notably the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. Estonian is written in Latin alphabet supplemented with some diacritics. In terms of grammar, it represents a transitional form between an agglutinating and a fusional language, with some degree of inflectional morphology affecting verbs.
About Estonian conjugation
Conjugation is a process by which Estonian verbs are modified from their basic forms so as to make their meaning more precise. In Estonian, each word has four basic forms:
- the '-ma' infinitive ('tegema'),
- the '-da' infinitive ('teha'),
- the present tense form ('teen'),
- the passive perfect participle ('tehtud').
The other forms are derived from one of these basic forms via the addition of word endings. In addition, some forms of the verb are formed using the auxiliary verb "olema".
In Estonian, the verbs can be conjugated by these major factors:
- person (the verb changes depending on the person it is referring to, e.g. 'teen' - 'I do', or 'teeb' - 'she/he does'),
- number (are we talking about a single person like in 'teeb' - 'she/he does', or many: 'teevad' - 'they do'),
- tense (Estonian distinguishes present and past tenses only, expressing future periphrastically),
- aspect (this feature connects the verb to the flow of time; Estonian distinguishes simple ('teen' - 'I do') and perfect ('olen tegenud' - 'I have done') aspects, which exist for both present and past tenses),
- mood (which indicates the attitude, and is distinguished as indicative, conditional, imperative or quotative, e.g. 'teed' - 'you do', 'teeksid' - 'you would do', 'tee' - 'do!' and '(sa) teevat' - 'allegedly you do'),
- voice (ndicates the actor and can be active or impersonal passive, e.g. 'teen' - 'I do' and 'tehtakse' - 'it is (being) done').
In the Estonian CoolJugator, we try to provide you as many of these factors as possible, although we also try to focus on the most important aspects of conjugation. Moreover, we always try to show how forms relate to one another (see the verb tree above).