Cooljugator: The Smart Conjugator in Persian

This is a very simple Persian verb conjugator. Our goal is to make Persian conjugation easy, smart and straightforward.

You can input verbs into the Cooljugator bar above in any form, tense or mood in both Persian and English. The Persian Cooljugator can currently do around 325 verbs. We suggest you try it out.

You can also click here to browse the list of Persian verbs that we can conjugate.

Common Persian verbs

If you run out of ideas, some Persian verbs according to their frequency of use on Cooljugator are:

The Persian language

Persian (also commonly known as Farsi) is an Indo-European language spoken as the mothern tongue by some 60 million people in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan (where it is also known as Dari) and Tajikistan (where it is also known as Tajik). It is also widely used by some 50 million more people as a second language both in those three countries (especially Iran) and outside. While Persian, Dari and Tajik are sometimes considered to be separate languages, they are clearly mutually intelligible and thus could be considered to be dialects of the same language (with some notable similarities, for example, the fact that Iran has many more French loanwords, Tajikistan many more Russian ones, and Iran has many French ones).

Persian dates back to the Persian empire, and the first writings in Persian are found in cuneiform script - a system of writing developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia - as far back as in the 6th century BCE in the territory currently belonging to Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Armenia and around. This language was used widely in the region, and is known as the Old Persian. Old Persian lasted until about the 3rd century BCE, when it developed into Middle Persian (from around 3rd century BCE to around 9th century CE) - a language the remnants of which are mostly found in Zoroastrian religious texts. That language began being called Parsig - the language of the Parsa people. However, Persian entered into a period known as 'Two centuries of Silence', which began with the Islamic Conquest in 651 CE. Somewhat culturally reminiscent of the Greek dark ages, the period lasted for a couple hundred years, and started the widespread adoption of Arabic vocabulary into Persian. The period eventually lead into the beginning of the Modern Persian from around the 9th century. In that period, works of literature began being composed in Persian (the most famous of which is the 'Book of Kings', and which exemplifies the most advanced forms of Persian writing of that day - in a sense, in has a similar role in the language's history to that which King James Bible has in that of English). Persian was also the lingua franca of the Seljuk Empire - a medieval Turko-Persian Sunni Muslim empire, originating from Oghuz Turks, and, in its zenith, spanning from parts of modern Iran, Iraq and modern Afghanistan, to Turkey. With it, Persian influenced all the languages in the region, and it therefore caused an adoption of Persian loanwords into Turkish. Persian remained an influential language, although its influenced varied throughout the turbulent history of the region - until it emerged in the 19th and 20th century as a dominant language in Iran and the surrounding countries.

Since Persian is in the Indo-European language family, it shares is origins with most of the languages in Northern India and also most European languages (save for Basque, Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Turkish and a few other notable outliers). However, it is written in the Arabic script in all places (except for Tajikistan), making it somewhat trickier to learn - especially because vowels are not usually marked, and, moreover, Arabic loanwords are frequently preserved in their traditional Arabic spelling, thus not pronounced phonetically.

Persian is considered relatively easy for English speakers to learn, since its grammar is largely devoid of many features that require much memorisation. It has no articles, no gender, no cases (or very little of them), almost entirely regular conjugation (yay for us at Cooljugator!). Moreover, since it is an Indo-European language, many words have a traceable Indo-European origin: 'pedar' means 'father' - also compare with Latin 'pater', 'mâdar' means 'mother', 'to' means 'you' (similar to 'thou' or Lithuanian 'tu'), etc. English has also adopted some loanwords from Persian, such as: bazaar, bronze, caravan, lemon, pajama, serendipity (a word coined by Horace Walpole, inspired by The Three Princes of Serendip, a fairy tale in which the heroes ‘were always making discoveries, by accidents and sagacity, of things they were not in quest of’. Overall, Persian is a language that is one of the easiest language to learn, especially if one is already familiar with Indo-European languages.

About Persian conjugation

Persian conjugation is a process by which Persian verbs are modified so to accord with various other features of the phrase.

In Persian, verb conjugations are marked by:

  • person - marks who is doing something, so conjugations different depending on the pronoun, i.e. depending on whether it is من (man) - 'I', تو (tó) - 'you', etc.;
  • number - singular (for one person or thing), or plural (for many) - thus conjugations different depending on if it is او (u) - 'he/she' or آنها (ānhā) - 'they';
  • tense - Persian has present (miravîd - 'you go') and past (e.g. 'budam' - 'I was') tenses;
  • aspects - Persian has a perfective aspect, denoting whether something was done or is done - for example, من کرده ام (man karde) - 'I have done';
  • mood - the speaker's attitude to the action, e.g. indicative (تو میکنی mikoni - 'you do'), subjunctive (بکنم bokonam - '(so that) I do');
  • voice - the difference between 'I eat' and 'I am eaten'), this is achieved in Persian by adding the verb šodan ('to become') to the perfect participle, for example: nāme nevešte (na)šode ast 'the letter has (not) been written'.

In the Persian Cooljugator, we try to provide you as many of these conjugation factors as possible, although we also try to focus on the most important parts of conjugation too. The Persian is still a small Cooljugator, but we hope to grow it in the future - get in touch (see our contacts below) if you would be interested in helping.

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