CoolJugator: The Smart Conjugator in Swedish
This is a very simple Swedish verb conjugator. Our goal is to make Swedish conjugation easy, smart and straightforward.
You can input verbs into the CoolJugator bar above in any form, tense or mood in both Swedish and English. The Swedish CoolJugator can currently do around 5329 verbs. We suggest you try it out.
You can also click here to browse the list of Swedish verbs that we can conjugate.
Common Swedish verbs
If you run out of ideas, some Swedish verbs according to their frequency of use on CoolJugator are:
- känna till7
- lägga in23
The Swedish language
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken by close to ten million people primarily in Sweden and Finland (where it is an official language), in Norway and some other places. The current Standard Swedish language arose out of central Swedish dialects in around the 19th century and was further developed later. Unlike Norwegian, Swedish is a standardized language in both spoken and written varieties.
Swedish developed through ancient (Urnordisk - 'the Viking language'), Old Swedish ('fornsvenska') varieties (for example, the first considered written source in Swedish dates back to 1225 and is called 'Västgötalagen' - 'the Västgöta Law'). Many Greek and Latin loanwords were introduced when Swedish was under religious influence, and also Low German came to influence Swedish through trade and immigration. The Latin script was later adopted, which led Swedish into developing its own letters (ä, å and ö) starting form the the late fifteenth century to accommodate that script better.
Just like with all the other Scandinavian languages, Swedish is largely intelligible with Danish and Swedish. It is somewhat less intelligible with Faroese and Icelandic, although some clear links do exist. Interestingly, Swedish used to be classified as an East Scandinavian language (just like Danish). In that regard, it differs from West Scandinavian languages, consisting of Faroese, Icelandic and Norwegian.
Swedish has grammatical features common to the other Scandinavian languages: three genders (out of which only two are effectively used), articles at the end of nouns instead of the beginning, intonation (ordbetonning) and tone in word pronunciation (although it is not a highlighted feature of the language), passive voice, a word order remarkably similar to English (as this Interlinear book clearly shows), and others.
About Swedish conjugation
Swedish conjugation is a process in which Swedish verbs are modified to accord with various other features of the phrase.
The vast majority of Swedish verbs are conjugated by these factors:
- tense - Swedish has three basic present ('jag har', meaning 'I have'), past ('jag hada', i.e. 'I had), future ('jag ska ha' - 'I will have') tenses, and a perfective ('jag har haft', 'jag hade haft', 'jag ska ha haft') version of each of these three
- mood - it indicates the attitude of the speaker; in Swedish, we have only two full moods: the indicative (e.g. 'jeg pratar' or 'jag talar' - 'I speak') and imperative (used in commands, e.g. 'kom hit!' - 'come here!, or 'prata med mig!' - 'speak with me'); Swedish allows the creation of the conditional mood through use of the word 'skulle', and also a subjunctive mood;
- aspect (this feature connects the Swedish verb to the flow of time; Swedish distinguishes the simple ('jeg kommer' - 'I come'), and perfect ('jag hade kommit' - 'I had come') aspects
- voice - indicates the actor and can be active or passive, e.g. the distinction in English between 'I read' and 'I am (being) read'; in Swedish, like in the other Scandinavian languages, there is a special inflection for the passive voice with the suffix -s, which is historically a reduced form of the reflexive pronoun sig ("himself, herself, itself, themselves"); it is also used with words like 'jag hoppas' - 'I hope'
In the Swedish CoolJugator, we try to provide you as many of these factors of Swedish conjugation in both of its varieties as possible.