Pidama (to keep) conjugation

Estonian
3 examples
Most of the time this is an auxiliary verb (always followed by another verb). Closest match would be probably 'must' or 'should'. An alternative use would be in conjunction with an adverb (e.g. 'kinni pidama', which is something like 'hold', 'stop' but also 'keep' or 'fulfill (a promise)') OR 'vastu pidama' which is 'endure' or 'withstand'. But at the same time with a noun as in 'loomi pidama' or 'kohvikut pidama', 'nõu pidama', 'orjapidamine' (noun), 'mitmenaisepidamine' it translates as 'keep animals', 'manage a cafe', 'slavery' or 'polygyny'.

Conjugation of eiti

Ma
Sa
Ta
Me
Te
Nad
Negative
Passive
Pass. Neg.
Present tense
pean
I keep
pead
you keep
peab
keeps
peame
we keep
peate
you all keep
peavad
they keep
ei pea
(do/does) not keep
peetakse
it it is kept
ei peeta
it it is not kept
Conditional mood
peaksin, peaks
I would keep
peaksid, peaks
you would keep
peaks
would keep
peaksime, peaks
we would keep
peaksite, peaks
you all would keep
peaksid, peaks
they would keep
ei peaks
would not keep
peetaks
it it would be kept
ei peetaks
it it would not be kept
Imperative mood
-
pea
keep
pidagu
let him/her/it keep
pidagem
let's keep
pidage
keep
pidagu
let them keep
-
peetagu
be kept
-
Imperative negative mood
-
ära pea
do not keep
ärgu pidagu
let him/her/it not keep
ärgem pidagem, ärme peame
let him/her/it not keep
ärge pidage
do not keep
ärgu pidagu
let them not keep
-
ärgu peetagu
do not be kept
-
Form
Infinitive -ma
pidama
keep
Infinitive -da
pidada
keep
Past active participle
pidanud
kept
Past passive participle
peetud
been kept
Ma
Sa
Ta
Me
Te
Nad
Negative
Passive
Pass. Neg.
Perfect tense
olen pidanud
I have kept
oled pidanud
you have kept
on pidanud
has kept
oleme pidanud
we have kept
olete pidanud
you all have kept
on pidanud
they have kept
ei ole pidanud, pole pidanud
(have/has) not kept
on peetud
it it has been kept
ei ole peetud, pole peetud
it it has not been kept
Past tense
pidasin
I kept
pidasid
you kept
pidas
kept
pidasime
we kept
pidasite
you all kept
pidasid
they kept
ei pidanud
did not keep
peeti
it it was kept
ei peetud
it it was not kept
Pluperfect past tense
olin pidanud
I had kept
olid pidanud
you had kept
oli pidanud
had kept
olime pidanud
we had kept
olite pidanud
you all had kept
oli pidanud
they had kept
ei olnud pidanud, polnud pidanud
had not kept
oli peetud
it it had been kept
ei olnud peetud, polnud peetud
it it had not been kept
Conditional perfect mood
oleksin pidanud; oleks pidanud; pidanuksin; pidanuks
I would have kept
oleksid pidanud; oleks pidanud; pidanuksid; pidanuks
you would have kept
oleks pidanud; pidanuks
would have kept
oleksime pidanud; oleks pidanud; pidanuksime; pidanuks
we would have kept
oleksite pidanud; oleks pidanud; pidanuksite; pidanuks
you all would have kept
oleksid pidanud; oleks pidanud; pidanuksid; pidanuks
they would have kept
ei oleks pidanud; poleks pidanud; ei pidanuks
would not have kept
oleks peetud
it it would have been kept
ei oleks peetud; poleks peetud
it it would not have been kept
Ta
Negative
Passive
Pass. Neg.
Quotative tense
pidavat
(allegedly) keeps
ei pidavat
(allegedly) keep
peetavat
(allegedly) it is kept
ei peetavat
(allegedly) it is not kept
Quotative perfect tense
olevat pidanud; pidanuvat
(allegedly) has kept
ei olevat pidanud; polevat pidanud; ei pidanuvat
(allegedly) has not kept
olevat peetud
(allegedly) it has been kept
ei olevat peetud; polevat peetud
(allegedly) it has not been kept
Jussive mood
pidagu
keep
ärgu pidagu
keep
peetagu
so that it be kept
ärgu peetagu
so that it not be kept
Jussive perfect mood
olgu pidanud
so that have kept
ärgu olgu pidanud
do not have kept
olgu peetud
so that it have been kept
ärgu olgu peetud
so that it not have been kept
des form
ma inessive
ma elative
ma translative
ma abessive
participle pres. active
participle pres. passive
Other forms
pidades
while keeping
pidamas
while keeping
pidamast
(due to/following/for) keeping
pidamaks
for the purpose of keeping
pidamata
without keep
pidav
that can be kept
peetav
being kept

Examples of pidama

Example in EstonianTranslation in English
Järgmisel laupäeval pean ma abielluma Denise Laroque'iga, kes on mu lapsepõlvekallim ja nüüd kommunistide juht.on saturday next, i am due to marry denise laroque, an old childhood sweetheart of mine, who is now head of the communist resistance.
Aga ülesanne peab homseks valmis olema ja meil pole paberil sõnagi.- Yeah but the assignment is due tomorrow and we don't have a thing on paper.
Homseks peab töö valmis olema ja ta pole veel alustanud.Our report is due tomorrow and he hasn't even started it.

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irdama
detruncate
palama
do
pilama
lampoon
pistma
stick
punama
turn red
põrama
pay
pügama
clip
sadama
come down
undama
bombinate
vadama
do
vedama
cart

Similar but longer

pildama
do
pindama
grit

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pääsma
do
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söötma
feed
tahtma
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aasama
do
urrama
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Other Estonian verbs with the meaning similar to 'keep':

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