CoolJugator: The Smart Conjugator in Modern Standard Arabic
This is a very simple Arabic verb conjugator. Our goal is to make Arabic conjugation easy, smart and straightforward.
You can input verbs into the CoolJugator bar above in any form, tense or mood in both Arabic and English. The Arabic CoolJugator can currently do around 6299 verbs. We suggest you try it out.
You can also click here to browse the list of Arabic verbs that we can conjugate.
Common Arabic verbs
If you run out of ideas, some Arabic verbs according to their frequency of use on CoolJugator are:
The Arabic language
Arabic is a Semitic language spoken by some 250 million people in the Middle East and North Africa, and also used as a religious language by nearly a billion Muslims worldwide.
Arabic descended from another language, known as Proto-Semitic (the ancestor of languages such as Hebrew or Amharic as well). Based on reconstruction efforts of the Proto-Semitic, it appears that Arabic (at least Modern Standard Arabic) seems to be the descendant of Proto-Semitic that retains most of the qualities of its ancestor (similarly how Lithuanian arguably retains most of the archaic qualities of Proto Indo-European):
- a consonant root system, based on which meanings are based on a grouping of usually three consecutive consonants, such as k+t+b, and then meanings are imposed by manipulating the vowels between those consonants, or somethings adding prefixes, suffixes or infixes - so, while كتاب 'kitab' means book, مكتبة 'maktaba' is a 'library' and مكتوب 'maktub' means 'that which is written' or 'faith';
- a declension system with three major cases: nominative (the English equivalent is 'I'), accusative (the English equivalent would be 'me' in 'he saw me'), and genitive (the English equivalent would be 'my' in 'this is my house');
- three numbers applicable to nouns, verbs and adjectives: the singular (when talking about one person or thing), dual (when talking about two), and plural (when talking about many)
- two genders: masculine and feminine, which influence nouns, adjectives (and, in Modern Standard Arabic, verbs too)
- a verb-subject-object order, that is also particular to Modern Standard Arabic
The Arabic language had solidified by the 7-th century CE, when the Quran was written. Interestingly, the writing of it solidified the language into a pretty stable form, which has not significantly changed (except for the addition of new words), and developed into Modern Standard Arabic. However, Arabic also is in an interesting situation of diglossia - it has both a written language and spoken variants (called Arabic dialects). Arabic dialects intensified their development from the 7th century CE, when the Arab Conquests carried speakers of various Arabic dialects into almost all of the Middle East and North Africa, west into the Iberian Peninsula (currently mostly Spain). The Arabic language (and its dialects) became prominent in these regions. This caused the decline of certain regional languages, such as Coptic in Egypt (a descendant of Ancient Egyptian), Aramaic (a language widely spoken in those areas before), etc. While some native languages remained (e.g. Kurdish in Iraq and Syria, Berber in Algeria and Morocco, Mahri in Yemen), Arabic still overtook their position in many fields. However, these local languages influenced the local dialects of Arabic, making many of them not mutually comprehensible.
As a result, Arabic currently has two types of a language: the Modern Standard Arabic, a written version of Arabic, which is also gramaticaly equivalent to the language spoken in the Quran (and largely viewed as the 'correct' Arabic by speakers), and also dialects of Arabic, which are regional and are actually spoken by Arabic speakers in everyday life. This CoolJugator is about Modern Standard Arabic.
About Arabic conjugation
Arabic conjugation is a process by which Modern Standard Arabic verbs are modified to accord with various other features of the phrase.
In Modern Standard Arabic, verb conjugations are marked by:
- person - who is committing an action (e.g. I, she, you, you all, etc.);
- number - singular (for one person or thing), dual (for exactly two), or plural (for many);
- tense - Arabic has present (e.g. 'I do') and past (e.g. 'I did') tenses;
- gender - masculine or feminine;
- mood - the speaker's attitude to the action, e.g. indicative ('I go'), subjunctive ('so that you go');
- voice - the difference between 'I eat' and 'I am eaten').
While vowels are usually not written in Arabic, we provide vowel markings for you in our conjugated forms and their transcriptions in order to enable you to understand the language easier!
In the Arabic CoolJugator, we try to provide you as many of these conjugation factors as possible, although we also try to focus on the most important parts of conjugation too. Our Modern Standard Arabic CoolJugator conjugates forms for the standard language, and it does not do so for dialects, however - this should not be a big problem, as the standard is usually encountered in written form.