CoolJugator: The Smart Conjugator in Turkish
This is a very simple Turkish verb conjugator. Our goal with it is to make Turkish conjugation easy, smart and straightforward.
You can input verbs into the CoolJugator bar above in any form, tense or mood in both Turkish and English. The Turkish CoolJugator can currently do around 12000 verbs. We suggest you try it out.
You can also click here to browse the list of Turkish verbs that we can conjugate.
Common Turkish verbs
If you run out of ideas, some common Turkish verbs:
- soru sormak17
- ihtiyaç duymak18
- anlamına gelmek23
- izin vermek25
- ayakta durmak36
- yol göstermek44
The Turkish language
Turkish is a language, originally spoken by over 80 million of people in the current territory of Turkey, but also in large communities in Bulgaria, Germany and many other countries. In addition, Turkic languages, such as Azeri, are often mutually intelligible with Turkey and have a wide geographic distribution. Interestingly, Turkic languages are alleged to be related to a geographically-wide-ranging group of languages, including Mongolian, Korean and Japanese. Turkish is an agglutinative language (words get stuck together for complex meanings), which has no marked gender (only one singular word for 'they' to mean both 'he' and 'she'). The language has evolved and been shaped into its present form through multiple historical events, such as the Turkic expansion across Central Asia during the early Middle Ages, Ottoman Turkish (which included elements of Turkic, Persian and Arabic) and concentrated efforts to establish a Turkish language by the Republic of Turkey. As a result of such efforts, many loanwords from Arabic or Persian were actively discouraged, while old Turkic words were being revived, which resulted in huge generational differences in the way Turkish is spoken, with older generations prefering to use more loanwords.
Turkish is written in the Latin alphabet - although during the Ottoman times Turkish was written in the Arabic alphabet, but that changed together with the other changes to the language introduced by the modern Turkish state. Turkish has a few of its own vowels, such as ı, and consonants, such as ş. The language is largely phonetic and therefore not very difficult to spell.
About Turkish conjugation
Turkish conjugation is a procedure in which Turkish verbs are changed to match with various other features of the phrase and its context. In Turkish, you usually have to have a couple of basic forms of the verb to work out its other forms. Turkish conjugation requires vowel harmony, just like any other part of Turkish: thus vowels in endings must agree with previous vowels in the word, and thus, for example, 'mak' or 'mek' can be added to make the word into an infinitive based on the vowels of that word itself. It also has a number of tenses not found in Romance languages (but existing in Japanese, for example), such as the causative.
In Turkish, you can conjugate verbs by factors such as:
- person - (the verb changes depending on the person it is referring to, e.g. 'alıyorum' - 'I am taking', or 'alıyor' - 'he/she is taking')
- negativity - conjugation depends on whether it is a positive or a negative statement
- interrogativity - special forms exist in Turkish conjugation for verbs that serve as questions
- number - (are we talking about a single person like in 'alıyor' - 'he/she is taking', or many: 'alıyorlar' - 'they are taking')
- aspect - which connect the verb to the flow of time, that is, they indicate whether an action is occuring at the time, used to occur frequently, or occurred generally - so, for example 'aldım' is 'I took' and verbs like 'alıyordum' could mean 'I was taking'
- voice - active and passive: the difference between 'something is doing' and 'something is being done'; so, for example, Turkish distinguishes between 'okumak' = 'to read', and 'okunmak' = 'to be read'
- tense - Turkish has a lot of tenses system, having present, past, future, and various variations thereof
- mood - indicates the speaker's ttitude, and is distinguished between indicative, imperative and others.
In the Turkish CoolJugator, as usually in CoolJugators, we try to provide you as much information about the verb as possible, although we also try to focus on the most important aspects of conjugation. We hope that this conjugation information, next to the abundant examples we provide, will help you become a better Turkish speaker, or just learn more about the language, or both.