CoolJugator: The Smart Conjugator in Norwegian
This is a very simple Norwegian verb conjugator. Our goal is to make Norwegian conjugation easy, smart and straightforward.
You can input verbs into the CoolJugator bar above in any form, tense or mood in both Norwegian and English. The Norwegian CoolJugator can currently do around 2324 verbs. We suggest you try it out.
You can also click here to browse the list of Norwegian verbs that we can conjugate.
Common Norwegian verbs
If you run out of ideas, some Norwegian verbs according to their frequency of use on CoolJugator are:
The Norwegian language
Norwegian is a North Germanic language spoken by some 5 million people primarily in Norway, Denmark, Sweden and surrounding regions. It comes in a variety of dialects, but the two main official written dialects are Bokmål (the standard used by close to 80-90% of the country, and especially in big cities - literally means 'book language') and Nynorsk (another standard, which is based on dialects from around - literally means 'new Norwegian'). Whenever possible, the most common forms for both the dialects are provided on CoolJugator.
The origin for this split into two official dialects comes from around the XIX-th century, when Norwegians were constructing their written language (they needed one, because when Denmark dominated Norway for some four centuries prior, Danish was almost exclusively used in writing). Bokmål is the dialect that resembles Danish more closely, whereas Nynorsk was based on a variety of local dialects spoken in Norway. Currently, Bokmål is mainly used in Eastern and Northern Norway, whereas Nynorsk is mostly used in the Western part of the country. Importantly, both of them are only written standards and not spoken ones - in reality, spoken Norwegian is based on local dialects and there is no superimposed official spoken language.
Any Dialect of Norwegian is largely understandable by Danish and Swedish speakers - quite often they don't even bother switching between the languages and just talk their own ones to converse with each other.
Both dialects of Norwegian are considered to be related to Icelandic to a considerable extent, and stem from the language spoken by the Vikings. In this respect, it is commonly asserted that Nynorsk is close to that language, while Bokmål is somewhat further away. Since these dialects began developing only in the nineteenth century (after Danish domination came to an end in Norway). The language itself has many interesting features, including pitch accent, or peculiar rules for compounding words (famously, røykfritt means 'no smoking' - compare with English 'smoking-free', whereas 'røyk fritt' means 'smoke freely' - same in English).
About Norwegian conjugation
Norwegian conjugation is a process in which Norwegian verbs are modified to accord with various other features of the phrase.
The vast majority of Norwegian verbs are conjugated by these factors:
- tense - Norwegian has three basic present, past, future tenses, and a perfective version of each of these three
- mood - it indicates the attitude of the speaker; in Norwegian, we have only two full moods: the indicative (e.g. 'jeg snakker' - 'I speak') and imperative (used in commands, 'kom' - 'come!'); Norwegian allows the creation of the conditional mood through use of the word 'ville', and also a subjunctive mood;
- aspect (this feature connects the Norwegian verb to the flow of time; Norwegian distinguishes the simple ('jeg kommer' - 'I come'), and perfect ('jeg har kommet' - 'I have come') aspects
- voice - indicates the actor and can be active or passive, e.g. the distinction in English between 'I read' and 'I am (being) read'; in Norwegian, like in the other Scandinavian languages, there is a special inflection for the passive voice with the suffix -s, which is historically a reduced form of the reflexive pronoun sig ("himself, herself, itself, themselves"), e.g. 'Han vasker seg' ('he washes himself') became 'han vaskes' ('he is being washed').
In the Norwegian CoolJugator, we try to provide you as many of these factors of Norwegian conjugation in both of its varieties as possible.