CoolJugator: The Smart Conjugator in Modern Standard Hebrew

This is a very simple Hebrew verb conjugator. Our goal is to make Hebrew conjugation easy, smart and straightforward.

You can input verbs into the CoolJugator bar above in any form, tense or mood in both Hebrew and English. The Hebrew CoolJugator can currently do around 429 verbs. We suggest you try it out.

You can also click here to browse the list of Hebrew verbs that we can conjugate.

Common Hebrew verbs

If you run out of ideas, some Hebrew verbs according to their frequency of use on CoolJugator are:

The Hebrew language

Hebrew is a very old language currently spoken by close to 10 million people, out of which some 5 million live in Israel. It is a Semitic language, coming from the same language group as Arabic does, although it is not mutually intelligible with Arabic (however, it does share many grammatical structures and some vocabulary with it).

Hebrew was a language spoken widely in the Middle East from 3000 until around 2000 years ago. All Jewish and some Christian religious texts were written in Hebrew. However, the usage of Hebrew began declining towards the second half of that period, and, at the time of Jesus, Aramaic (another Semitic language) was the language spoken much more widely in the areas where Hebrew used to be spoken. Hebrew ceased being a spoken language in about 200 CE, and it was only mostly reserved for religious use: Jewish prayer, and later religious texts.

However, uniquely in the modern world, Hebrew underwent a complete revival and went from being a language used in writing and in very limited contexts to being a complete spoken language. It all started with beginning of the other 19th century nationalistic movements. Zionism - a movement for the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland began, and it resulted in a number of significant events for Hebrew: the writing of literature in Hebrew, the creation of Jewish communities in Palestine, and the usage of Hebrew as a lingua franca by the newly-immigrated Jewish communities. Hebrew schools and newspapers gradually appeared, Hebrew began being used not only as a written language, but also as a spoken language, and some people even opted to use it as a private language in their homes. Gradually, new generations of children were born, and those children already had Hebrew as their mother tongue.

Interestingly, however, the new Hebrew is not completely identical to its old variant. At the time of the revival, Hebrew had not been actively spoken for thousands of years. Moreover, the people coming to Israel were mostly Jewish speakers of various other languages, the most prominent of which was Yiddish (a Germanic Jewish language), but also Jewish dialects of Arabic, and Judaeo-Spanish. These languages all influenced Hebrew, not only in vocabulary, but also in grammar. For example, the new Hebrew had a subject-verb-object sentence order (as common in European languages, for example - 'I see a house') as opposed to the old Hebrew, which would have had a verb-subject-object sentence order (e.g. 'see I a house'). Hebrew is a very interesting linguistic phenomenon, since it is perhaps the only widely-spoken language that underwent such a spectacular revival as a living language.

Hebrew is a language written right to left, and also without vowels (it shares these features with Arabic, which is a language we have described in some more detail, thus it is useful to refer to that description to learn more about Semitic languages in general too).

Hebrew is a Semitic language spoken by some 250 million people in the Middle East and North Africa, and also used as a religious language by nearly a billion Muslims worldwide.

Hebrew descended from another language, known as Proto-Semitic (the ancestor of languages such as Hebrew or Amharic as well). Based on reconstruction efforts of the Proto-Semitic, it appears that Hebrew (at least Modern Standard Hebrew) seems to be the descendant of Proto-Semitic that retains most of the qualities of its ancestor (similarly how Lithuanian arguably retains most of the archaic qualities of Proto Indo-European):

  • a consonant root system, based on which meanings are based on a grouping of usually three consecutive consonants, such as k+t+b, and then meanings are imposed by manipulating the vowels between those consonants, or somethings adding prefixes, suffixes or infixes - so, while كتاب 'kitab' means book, مكتبة 'maktaba' is a 'library' and مكتوب 'maktub' means 'that which is written' or 'faith';
  • a declension system with three major cases: nominative (the English equivalent is 'I'), accusative (the English equivalent would be 'me' in 'he saw me'), and genitive (the English equivalent would be 'my' in 'this is my house');
  • three numbers applicable to nouns, verbs and adjectives: the singular (when talking about one person or thing), dual (when talking about two), and plural (when talking about many)
  • two genders: masculine and feminine, which influence nouns, adjectives (and, in Modern Standard Hebrew, verbs too)
  • a verb-subject-object order, that is also particular to Modern Standard Hebrew

The Hebrew language had solidified by the 7-th century CE, when the Quran was written. Interestingly, the writing of it solidified the language into a pretty stable form, which has not significantly changed (except for the addition of new words), and developed into Modern Standard Hebrew. However, Hebrew also is in an interesting situation of diglossia - it has both a written language and spoken variants (called Hebrew dialects). Hebrew dialects intensified their development from the 7th century CE, when the Arab Conquests carried speakers of various Hebrew dialects into almost all of the Middle East and North Africa, west into the Iberian Peninsula (currently mostly Spain). The Hebrew language (and its dialects) became prominent in these regions. This caused the decline of certain regional languages, such as Coptic in Egypt (a descendant of Ancient Egyptian), Aramaic (a language widely spoken in those areas before), etc. While some native languages remained (e.g. Kurdish in Iraq and Syria, Berber in Algeria and Morocco, Mahri in Yemen), Hebrew still overtook their position in many fields. Howeover, these local languages influenced the local dialects of Hebrew, making many of them not mutually comprehensible.

As a result, Hebrew currently has two types of a language: the Modern Standard Hebrew, a written version of Hebrew, which is also gramatically equivalent to the language spoken in the Quran (and largely viewed as the 'correct' Hebrew by speakers), and also dialects of Hebrew, which are regional and are actually spoken by Hebrew speakers in everyday life. This CoolJugator is about Modern Standard Hebrew.

About Hebrew conjugation

Hebrew conjugation is a process by which Hebrew verbs are modified to accord with various other features of the phrase.

In Modern Hebrew, verb conjugations are marked by:

  • person - who is committing an action (e.g. I, she, you, etc.);
  • number - singular (for one person or thing), or plural (for many) - in contrast to another Semitic language Arabic, Hebrew does not have a dual conjugation;
  • tense - Hebrew has present (e.g. 'I do'), past (e.g. 'I did') future ('I will do') tenses;
  • gender - masculine or feminine, as the conjugation for many verbs (especially second-person singular and plural and third-person singular ones) differs based on what gender the subject of the verb is;
  • mood - the speaker's attitude to the action denoted by the verb, e.g. indicative ('I go'), imperative ('go!'), conditional ('if you were')
  • voice - the difference between 'write' and 'be written'; for example, "he wrote" (simple active voice) is כָּתַב 'kaˈtav', while "it was written" (simple passive voice) is נִכְתַּב 'nixˈtav'

In the Hebrew CoolJugator, we try to provide you as many of these conjugation factors as possible, although we also try to focus on the most important parts of conjugation too.

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