CoolJugator: The Smart Conjugator in German
This is a very simple German verb conjugator. Our goal is to make German conjugation easy, smart and straightforward.
You can input verbs into the CoolJugator bar above in any form, tense or mood in both German and English. The German CoolJugator can currently do around 6807 verbs. We suggest you try it out.
You can also click here to browse the list of German verbs that we can conjugate.
Common German verbs
If you run out of ideas, some German verbs according to their frequency of use on CoolJugator are:
- sich bemühen17
The German language
German an Indo-European West Germanic language (other biggest West Germanic languages being English, Afrikaans, Dutch, Low German, Luxembourgish, Yiddish, Frisian, and Scots). German is grammaticallly very similar to Dutch, and to a reasonable extent similar to English (some estimates even put the amount of shared vocabulary at 60%), although it does have some of its own peculiarities. German is the most widely spoken mother tongue in Europe, the third most commonly taught second language in the world, and it is also an official language in the European countries Switzerland, Austria, Luxembourg, and Liechtenstein, thus putting the total number of native speakers at a near 100 million. It used to also be a very popular language in the United States of America, and Congress even considered a proposal to print laws in German in 1795 (but the proposal lost by one vote!).
German developed after Germanic languages had branched off Indo-European. This original branching off of Germanic occurred at around the 10th century BCE during the First Germanic Sound Shift, governed by the Grimm's Law. The earliest evidence of Old High German (the variant of Germanic the spoken by the higher classes in the central and southern areas of the current Germany comes from Elder Futhark inscriptions from the sixth century CE. In the middle ages, that dialect evolved into 'Middle High German'. As the current territory of Germany was split into many different states, there existed many different dialects along and within those borders. For example, when Martin Luther published his first version of the translation of the Bible, it happened to be published in his own dialect from Saxony (in Eastern Germany, thus called East Middle German), which had preserved some more archaic grammatical features than certain other German dialects in the Northern part of the country in Lower Saxony (closer to Scandinavia). Luther sought to define the grammar and orthogrophy of the language, and he drew from the Latin grammar (especially its declension and conjugation features). However, even with these efforts, a lot of dialects continued to exist in Germany. Yet, with the rise of the printing press, one variant called 'Standard German' started developing. It was initially a written language, based on the need by writers to maximise their understandability throughout the German-speaking world. Later, however, especially with the rise of strong Northern trade cities in Germany, the pronunciation of the Northern varieties of pronunciation (such as those spoken in the Low Saxony close to the Baltic Sea) came to be adopted as the pronounciation variant for Standard German, gradually phasing out dialects and leading into the one standard German variant we have today.
About German conjugation
German conjugation is a process in which German verbs are modified to accord with various other features of the phrase.
In German, you can conjugate verbs by these major factors:
- person and number - the verb changes depending on the person it is referring to, e.g. 'ich mache' - 'I do', or 'er/sie macht' - 'she/he does' and sometimes depending on whether we are talking about a single person like in 'I see' (ich sehe), or many: 'we see' (wir sehen),
- tense and aspect - German makes a distinction between present ('ich habe' - 'I have'), preterite ('du sagte' - 'you said') tenses; although, future 'ich werde verstehen' - 'I will understand' or perfect ('er hat gesagt' - 'he has said') forms can also be created (however, it is linguistically unclear whether these forms should be considered tenses, or something else, for example, aspects of the same tense);
- mood - mood indicates the attitude, and is distinguished as indicative ('ich gehe' - 'I go'), subjunctive II ('ich würde gehen' - I would go'), imperative ('geh!' - 'go!') or subjunctive I ('es ist important, dass du gehest' - 'it is important that you go';
- voice (indicates the actor and can be active or passive, e.g. 'I do' and 'I am (being) done'); so, for example, just like in English, one can legitimately say 'der Rasen wird gemäht' - 'the lawn is being moved' in German.
In the German CoolJugator, we try to provide you as many of these conjugation factors as possible, although we also try to focus on the most important parts of conjugation too.